Sleep Disorders and Armodafinil

Sleepiness can result from lack of sleep or interrupted sleep, but when not due to these is generally termed hypersomnia, and can result from abnormal breathing during sleep (sleep apnea), infectious diseases such as encephalitis in the past and mononucleosis presently, obesity (generally associated with sleep apnea) and sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. Sleepiness may also occur without discernible cause (idiopathic hypersomnia).

Breathing disturbance during sleep has been treated with tracheostomy or the application of positive airway pressure during sleep (CPAP), but these are expensive and complicated. Sleepiness resulting from infection has not until recently been considered treatable, but may, in fact, respond to alerting medications used for other sleep disorders.

Stimulants such as amphetamine and methylphenidate have been used for narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnolence, but these may have cardiovascular and other adverse effects and are susceptible of abuse, so are strictly regulated in most countries.

Sodium oxybate is also effective for sleepiness as well as the cataplexy that often attends narcolepsy, but it also has the potential for misuse and its prescription is limited. Antidepressants improve narcolepsy and some other sleep disorders but may have significant sexual, weight and cardiac side effects.

Modafinil (Provigil) and its newer relative armodafinil (Nuvigil) promote wakefulness, without direct stimulation and with fewer cardiac and other side effects, by effects on the neurotransmitter dopamine. These are now used for narcolepsy, sleep apnea, sleepiness due to disrupted waking and sleeping schedules due to shifting work and disturbances of the normal circadian rhythms of waking and sleeping.

Insomnia can be intermittent, lasting up to 3 weeks, or chronic, and has many causes, ranging from depression and thyroid over activity to physical pain or mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder, to lifestyle factors such as alcohol or drug use, smoking or television watching or computer use in bed. Identifying and correcting maladaptive sleep patterns or lifestyle choices is often helpful, as is dealing with stress, depression and other issues.

Sedative medications, chiefly barbiturates, and benzodiazepines have been widely used but are not currently recommended, particularly in the long-term, as they cause rebound insomnia and dependence. Some newer sleep facilitating medications such aszalpelon and zopiclone, which work on subpopulations of benzodiazepine receptors, are temporarily effective and may cause fewer problems than benzodiazepines themselves.

Modafinil taken during the day may maintain wakefulness and energy and facilitate nocturnal sleep, but can also cause insomnia if taken too late.

Sleep rhythm disturbances are sometimes caused by travel (jet lag) or by changes in waking and sleeping schedules due to shift work. Modafinil and armodafinil have been particularly effective for the sleepiness occasioned by these factors, and newer sedative agents have been recommended for short-term use. Quaickmedpill, which is an authentic online pharmacy, is going to offer the opportunity of getting these medications at an affordable rate. Sleep behavior disturbances, such as sleep terrors in children and sleep-walking in children and adults, often do not require treatment or will respond to antidepressants.

In addition to their use in the above sleep disorders, modafinil and armodafinil have been shown to improve alertness and enhance performance, and have been used with benefit in Attention Deficit Disorder with and without Hyperactivity. Beneficial effects on mood have been shown as well, and these have been used for depression that has been refractory to other treatments.

Best Nootropics Reviews for Cholinergic Systems

When it comes to your memory formation and learning ability, there is one system that rules them all. The cholinergic system is related to choline metabolism, which is a raw material for the brain chemical called acetylcholine. This is a brain chemical that is associated with memory formation and is utilized by the hippocampus to create memories.

Whenever you are utilizing nootropics or smart drugs to improve your cholinergic system, you are doing a favor for your memory. In this article, we are going to review the different nootropic drugs that interact with the cholinergic system in an effort to help you to better improve your brain power and have a quick and productive methodology.

Nootropics for Choline

The number one thing that you need to remember is your diet is going to need eggs! If you do not have eggs, you are not going to have any of the necessary raw materials that you need in order to perform your best. The vast majority of people who are taking nootropics should keep this in mind no matter what they consume.

  1. Alpha GPC – this is raw choline in the most efficient form. People who use alpha GPC choline find that it is effective for a number of things besides only raw choline. You’ll find that alpha GPC improves memory formation through the use of other molecules and compounds as well. It is the type of nootropic option that is going to help you to get the right kind of experience. You’ll experience better memory, but also stronger power output.
  2. Centrophenoxine – this is a new nootropic that can help with memory and learning ability. The vast majority of people who are using centrophenoxine find that it is a great tool for improving the memory level that you currently have. It is a new drug, however, which means you should probably take considerations to avoid taking it in the wrong way.
  3. Racetams – this is another type of drug that can help you to improve your cognitive performance and it is one of the oldest in the book. You’ll find that racetams like piracetam, oxiracetam and aniracetam are effective memory enhancers and cognitive boosters so that you can have a much better experience than you would have otherwise expected. Most people find that it is an effective tool that can help in a number of different ways.
  4. Alpha Brain – this is not a cholinergic per se, but for a lot of people who are trying to improve their cholinergic function, this could be a last resort. Many people who are getting their Alpha Brain find that they are just doing so because it is easy and has a lot of popularity. Most people don’t want to think hard about the different nootropics and especially not when they have some kind of illegal nature behind them.

If you are trying to improve the quality of your memory formation, it is a good idea for you to look at drugs like cholinergics. They are going to give you the best perspective and they are going to help in a myriad of ways. Most of the time, this is going to have a significant impact no your world whether you like it or not!

More important than memory in the short term is going to be the long-term benefits that you can take as a result of taking this in old age. You will be able to prevent or at least halt a lot of the age related memory decline that you experience. After many years of protection, you’ll find how useful it can be when you avoid Alzheimer’s disease!

How Soviet Scientists Changed Your Brain (If You Let it)

In 1963 a Romanian scientist synthesized a drug that was similar to the brain chemical GABA. He determined that this synthetic compound would probably help to improve the memory formation that people were so desperately in need of. Most of the people who would benefit from his work were elderly and already struggling with diseases like Alzheimer’s and senile dementia.

Today, his discovery has made huge changes in the world that we currently live in. The drug that he developed in this crucial time was piracetam. For many people, it was a drug that was filled with many different benefits for learning ability and memory formation.

Soviet Scientists and Drugs for Enhancement

The piracetam drug that this Romanian scientist developed was not the only thing that was created. For the most part, people who were using piracetam found that it was just the tip of the iceberg. While it lead to many changes and discoveries in the world of cognition, it was one of the weakest of the drugs. Below we are going to provide a more comprehensive list of drugs that were developed by the Soviet Union that might be able to help you.


This is a nootropic that was designed for Russian cosmonauts in order to help them to achieve an easier experience when going into space. The vast majority of people who currently use phenibut as a smart drug do so for anti-anxiety benefits. Many people who are using the drug find that it can be a powerful tool on par with something like alcohol or other related drugs.

The only problem with phenibut is that it is easy to grow a tolerance to the drug and there are many people who suffer from a phenibut withdrawal problem after they are done. If you are using something like 250 – 500 mg of phenibut then you should be fine, but try not to use it every day so that you don’t have any problems with phenibut.


This is part of the racetam family (same line of drugs as piracetam), but it is a more potent and less bioavailable option. You’ll find that many people who use aniracetam are able to increase both their memory formation and learning ability while at the same time influencing concentration and focus. This is a major two-for-one benefit that most drugs do not come with.

Aniracetam is also relatively safe. People who are using the drug find that it is a useful tool for improving performance and has a host of other benefits as well. It even can reduce anxiety if you use it in the right way.


If you want something that is made for stimulation and makes a big difference for your cognitive performance, phenylpiracetam is the way to go. This is going to help you to improve the quality of your concentration and focus so you can work on the things that you need to do without a lot of interruptions and distractions.

The only problem with phenylpiracetam is that sometimes it can build a tolerance as well. You might want to keep this in mind as you use this drug. Don’t use it on a daily basis and maybe switch with your caffeine products throughout the week to have the best results.

If you can use the drugs we have outlined in this post, you are going to be a lot better off. The Romanian and Soviet scientists who developed these drugs are legends to a whole host of people who are currently living and working in Silicon Valley to produce a much better and more advanced way of enhancing their cognitive abilities.